Mr Bhagat do you even know what a historian is and what is his role? Well I will enlighten you an expert in or student of history, especially that of a particular period, geographical region, or social phenomenon.

You question the role of historians well I guess you are not aware that language itself is a gift of history. You call yourself a writer and writing requires language sir. A historian has the fascinating job of studying and interpreting the past. When people need detailed, nuanced information about the past, they go to historians to get the facts. They are the people who literally write history books about all kinds of topics, times, people, and places. From ancient history, to a specific decade, to even one specific historical event, historians will study and fact-find in order to share that information with the public.

What does a Historian do?

There are many different types of historians, each with a specialty or a specific area of study in which they are experts. Most historians have PhDs, and they usually earn their doctorate degree with work related to their specialty. These specialties range from a specific time period, country, or region. For example, a historian could specialize in U.S. history with a particular mastery of 1960s pop culture. Another example of a specialization could be South African history with a concentration on apartheid. Historians may also specialize in history type, such as the history of women or science. However, even though many historians specialize in one topic, it is expected that they have a general base of history knowledge.

Historians study written records of history; this is where they get the support and evidence to back up their interpretation of the event or time period in question. It is their job to pore over all of the written documents they can find, and then piece together all of the information they gather to form some kind of historical narrative. They are then able to answer the questions of what happened, who was involved, why, etc.

Over 70% of all historians work in colleges or universities, and much of what these historians do involves teaching courses or serving some role in a history department. The work of historians at colleges and universities also greatly involves conducting research and writing articles and/or books. When it comes to writing, if they are professors, they will most likely be expected to author a book(s) about their specialty.

You wrote a book about India sir you might have read about Indian history to some extend to write about it. History is a cumulative study of past for a better future. START RESPECTING PEOPLE MR Bhagat

Was Mahatma Gandhi responsible for the death sentence of Shaheed E Azam Bhagat Singh?

People’s movement has a lifetime i.e. after certain duration it starts to ebb. The whole strategy is to gain something in discussion before the movement breaks.

The Gandhi Erwin pact which many advocates that should have been used to arm twist the British Government to secure release had a clause of ending the civil disobedience moment.

The civil obedience movement of 1930 started with salt march to Dandi and was widely practiced by the people. Although, in many places foreign clothes were burned, liquor shops were picketed, illegal production of salt etc. in rural area, the people were mobilized into not paying the taxes. This irked the British-backed by Zamindars and British who sent troops and musclemen to force them to pay the tax. The poor peasants had no option but to flee. Most peasants of Gujarat and Maharashtra participated in the movement and hence were also subjected to manhunt and cruelty, They help up in organized camps and with their relatives and survived on their saving and assistance. But with time, the hardships increased and it was getting difficult for them to survive. There was a huge possibility that peasant might just surrender given the hardships of starvation and survival. The leaders of the movement had to quickly find a solution before the farmers break. Similar situation was of factory workers. On the other hand, British trade was severely affected and they too wanted to end the matters quickly. The question was who blinks first.

In Gandhian Irwin pact- the Indians proposed:

  • Discontinuation of the civil disobedience movement by the Indian National Congress
  • Participation by the Indian National Congress in the Round Table Conference
  • Withdrawal of all ordinances issued by the British Government imposing curbs on the activities of the Indian National Congress
  • Withdrawal of all prosecutions relating to several types of offenses except those involving violence
  • Release of prisoners arrested for participating in the civil disobedience movement
  • Removal of the tax on salt, which allowed the Indians to produce, trade, and sell salt legally and for their own private use

but only the following were granted:

  • withdraw all ordinances and end prosecutions
  • Release all political prisoners(90,000), except those guilty of violence
  • Permit peaceful picketing of liquor and foreign cloth shops
  • Restore confiscated properties of the participants of satyagraha’s
  • Permit free collection or manufacture of salt by persons near the sea-coast
  • Lift the ban over the congress.

British released all the political prisoners but NOT involved in violence.
Now coming to the case of Freedom Fighter Bhagat Singh. His actions were of violent in nature and he was well aware of the implications. He knew he would be hanged as British would come down upon his movement with all forces. Yet he wanted to make British hear that Indians can’t be taken for granted.  His ideas were revolutionary and shook the foundations of British Empires. Youth were attracted to this ideology as most of them couldn’t keep up with the slow pace and hardships of the Gandhian way.

When, Bhagat Singh was to be hanged, Gandhiji was at the discussion table and people wanted him to seek their release in adamant way. But Gandhiji was not all powerful in the discussion table. Most of the leaders who were directing the country were behind bars, the peasants were on the verge of breaking. The British were still continuing to crush the movement with force and people were dying. He too wanted to gain as much ground as possible and end the movement.

Just as an example of the challenge. Churchill once said before the talks:

.”.at the nauseating and humiliating spectacle of this one-time Inner Temple lawyer, now seditious fakir, striding half-naked up the steps of the Viceroy’s palace, there to negotiate and parley on equal terms with the representative of the King Emperor.”

The British had compromised till certain extent but did not accept to release people indicted for violence. Gandhiji though made attempts but there were governed by two facts:

  • British would not release Bhagat Singh and his colleagues as they wanted to set an example so that that violent path is shunned by youth.
  • The movement was getting difficult to continue and has to be brought to end soon.

So, Gandhiji had to take a decision of either taking the deal and bring respite to millions of farmers and workers or pursue the case of Bhagat Singh and risk losing the advantage gained in decades of work and I guess he thought the first one will cause less damage.

But blaming Gandhiji for hanging of Bhagat Singh is far fetched and emotionally driven. It is like blaming Obama for beheading of journalists by Militants. The British would not have released Bhagat Singh at any cost. Bombing an assembly was outrageous in their eyes and with youth following him, the British had to set an example. Gandhiji did what he could for greater good in his eyes so that the movement gained some ground and thousand more lives could be saved.

Just because, he couldn’t secure their release doesn’t mean he had them hanged. Although, he was not supportive of violent methods, he wasn’t supportive of having them hanged either. The rumor that only Gandhiji can save him fueled the blaming theory. How could Gandhiji save him when he himself was struggling?

This blame game does nothing then undermining the contributions of both Martyr Bhagat Singh and Gandhiji. Bhagat Singh knew he would be hanged eventually and still he did what ever he could to motivate the youth. To register his protests. The fast movement, denouncement of judicial system were some milestones in the freedom movement of India. His death, though unfortunate but managed to unite the youth and keep their involvement alive. It is always easy to blame rather than to understand in difficult times of 1930s, it makes it more difficult. The political gains in question were the result achieved by sacrifices of thousand of Indians, the resilience of poor workers and farmers and regarding Nehru. Bhagat Singh and Nehru both based their methodology on socialism. He admired their movement in jails but he didn’t advocate his methods. India of today was not India of 1931. There were princely states that would have taken violence as threat and may have gone back to supporting the British and many other issues.

Concluding, words from Lord Irwin when, Gandhiji requested for commutation of death sentence:

“As I listened to Mr. Gandhi putting the case for commutation before me, I reflected first on what significance it surely was that the apostle of non-violence should so earnestly be pleading the cause of the devotees of a creed so fundamentally opposed to his own, but I should regard it as wholly wrong to allow my judgment to be influenced by purely political considerations. I could not imagine a case in which under the law, penalty had been more directly deserved.”– Lord Irwin

Celebrate the sacrifices and honor these men by working towards a nations that they dreamt of not by demeaning them and wasting resources on blaming people who are no longer with us.

thanks to

Sangeetha SV, Indian by birth. Indian at heart.


The 17th Paragraph of the Indian Constitution states that untouchability is a punishable offence. For the eradication of untouchability the Untouchability Offences Act was passed by Indian Government in 1955 in which any person forcing the disabilities of untouchability can be sentenced to six months imprisonment or a fine of Rs. 500/- or both for his first offence. For every subsequent offence the sentence will include both a term in jail as well as fine. If considered necessary, the punishment can also be increased.

This Act provides penalties for the offences like preventing a person from entering into public temples or places of worship, preventing the drawing of water from sacred lakes, tanks, wells etc. Enforcing all kinds of social disabilities such as preventing people from the use of a ‘dharmasala’, any shop, public restaurant, public hospital, hotel, educational institutions or any other place of public entertainment denying the use of any road, river, well, water top, river bank, cremation ground, etc.

Enforcement of occupational, professional or trade disabilities in the matter or enjoyment of any benefit under a charitable trust preventing Harijans from pursuing any general occupation. Refusing to sell goods or render services to a Harijan, for molesting, injuring or annoying a person or organizing a boycott or taking part in the excommunication of a person on the basis of untouchability.

The Rajya Sabha passed on September, 2, 1976, the Bill to amend the Untouchability (Offences) Act, 1955 and changed its title to the “Protection of the Civil Rights Act”. This Bill had proposed stringent measures against those who still practise untouchability. It sought to make willful negligence on part of the investigating officers of complaints relating to untouchability tantamount to abatement.

The Bill was then passed by the Lok Sabha. It provides that persons disqualified under the Act would be barred from contesting elections to the central or state legislature. The provision has also been made to have a deterrent effect on the commission of untouchability offences. It has proposed surveys and fieldwork for determining the areas where untouchability is practiced. It envisages setting up of committees for implementing the Act and grant of adequate facilities to persons subjected to disabilities arising out of untouchability so that they will be in a position to avail of their rights.

The Act has also brought under its purview the privately owned places of worship along with lands and subsidiary shrines and such places used for public worship by the content of the owners. The Act makes the direct or indirect preaching of untouchability or its justification on historical, philosophical or religious grounds an offence.

The Act prescribes punishment for compelling any person to scavenge, sweep, remove carcasses, flay animals or remove umbilical cords. It empowers the state Government to impose collective fines on the inhabitants of any area who were concerned with abetting the commission of offences relating to untouchability. All untouchability offences have become non- compoundable and in cases where the punishments given are less than three months, they can be tried summarily.

More severe type of punishments are now given for untouchability offences. Now both fine and imprisonment will be awarded for offences relating to untouchability. For the first offence the minimum punishment will be one month’s imprisonment and a fine of Rs. 100/- and the maximum imprisonment is six months and a fine of Rs. 500/-. For the second offence, the minimum punishment is six months imprisonment and a fine of Rs. 200/- and the maximum punishment is one year’s imprisonment and a fine of Rs. 500/. For the third offence or offences thereafter, the punishment may vary from one year’s imprisonment with Rs. 500/- as fine to two years imprisonment with a fine of Rs. 1,000/-.

In addition to enacting laws against untouchability the Government of India also instituted propaganda against untouchability throughout India. “Harijan weeks and Harijan day” were observed all over the country. Advisory Committees have been formed in State and District level, to encourage close contact between untouchables and the upper castes.

But something that should come to the notice of every indian is that why is untouchability still such a big issues why were 2 children hurled to death in Faridabad what was their fault? That they were born in a class lower than the Rajput what kind of a Rajput is that who kills children. I have always talked about equality and yet I feel that Gandhi created a big hurdle between the different classes of this nation. What are heading towards? With things happening every day it seems as if the quote “HISTORY REPEATS ITSELF” is come true. We are entering the same phase as in the pre independent era with tearing of holy books on one side and crisis over beef on the other. The situation  is turning out to be tense and something which was thought of to happen in the modi regime is happening communal violence



Army major dies failing infiltration bid on 9 Sept 2009 at the Line of Control in Jammu & Kashmir

“An Army major has been killed in a gunbattle between security forces and militants making an infiltration bid across the Line of Control at Mendhar sub-sector in Poonch district, Jammu region.
Two terrorists were also killed in the encounter, which occurred at the Sonali post on the Line of Control before dawn. An Army major belonging to the 5-Maratha Light Infantry Regiment was killed in retaliatory firing by the terrorists.

During patrolling in forward area along LoC today troops observed the movement of a group of armed militants along the Line of Control (LoC) and challenged them, the official told a news agency. The militants opened fire on the troops and hurled grenades, the official said, adding, the army personnel retaliated and a gunbattle took place in which the two infiltrators were killed and the army officer in the rank of Major lost his life.

Major Akash Singh was a resident of Jammu and had left home on August 31. He is survived by his wife, 2-year-old son and a 3-year-old daughter. Major Singh’s body was expected to reach Jammu by 11 am this morning.

Meanwhile, bodies of the two militants have been recovered and search operations to look for more militants hiding in the area of the encounter were still going on at the time of filing this report. Two other infiltrators, as per the intercepts, were killed in the operation, but it is a normal strategy for militants to split into groups – one group opens cover fire while another tries to sneak into Indian territory from another location.
Mendhar sub-sector in Poonch saw the seizure of a huge cache of arms and explosives made in Pakistan two days ago by security forces.”


Major Akash Singh (Shaurya Chakra)
During patrolling in forward area along LoC today troops observed movement of a group of armed militants along the Line of Control (LoC) and challenged them, the official told a news agency. The militants opened fire on the troops and hurled grenades, the official said, adding, the army personnel retaliated and a gunbattle took place in which the two infiltrators were killed and the army officer in the rank of Major lost his life.

Major Akash Singh was a resident of Jammu and had left home on August 31. He is survived by his wife, 2-year-old son and a 3-year-old daughter.
Jai Hind!11149583_10153601598359289_7163552866121385335_n


7 soldiers gave life for the nation in past one week – SHARE IF YOU RESPECT THEIR MARTYRDOM

Four soldiers died on monday in a gun battle which was on since sunday night with killing of one militant. More than seven men have been killed on our side in past one week, with controversies  on one side like the beef ban and ignorance of safety of army men on the other what are we heading towards.

With clearing of operations and people talking of peace on diplomatic fronts this is a sad news. This is no more a blame game but the value of solders life need to be realized now. When it comes to orop  people like chetan say it is waste of mon, but today when jawan are facing death no body is there to talk about it. We need more technological advancements to fight terror like automatic remote controls gun being placed on the borders which was suggested by the army.As citizens of the nation we are safe but what about the distress that the families of the brave hearts are facing.WIth MR sarif talking about KASMIR and bringing the old Kashmir agenda in the UN assembly why do they forget that terrorism is happening from their front.

To people who talk about peace i would like to tell them peace cannot be resorted from one front the commitment to bring change needs to come from both the sides. There are reasons for every war but a war which is led by turbulence of misguided minds is not a war but a blunder to humanity.The global stand today needs to be one that is say no to terrorism.

                                    RESPECT THE INDIAN ARMY 

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6 Things You Might Not Know About Gandhi

FAUJI KI AULAD HOON- LETTER TO CHETAN BHAGAT.( every army brat should share)

Mr Bhagat with due respect i would like to enlighten you with few fact about the INDIAN ARMY 

Before you even picked the pen the war had begun from which this country was saved by the brave solders to whom you say OROP is a waste of money. Sir you pay taxes even they do the only difference is you sit at home at they sit at high altitude posts, you talk about half girlfriend and rest and they dont have the privilege to talk to their wife and children.

Sir have some respect and value for the men who die. You charge millions for a show and they suffer sir with lack of equipments. I thought Pen was mightier than sword. But with your words i realized one thing that money has become mightier than your words. The reputed daily you wrote in must be happy for its popularity touching heights after your misleading and insulting words for the war veterans.


  • Sir do you sit at saichen glacier and write books?
  • do you get paid 15k per month after facing death every minute a sepoy does
  • do you go out in riots
  • do you have to work till 6 am
  • you get food at time (fresh) they get tinned food at field stations


Go ask MAJOR JAMES THOMAS FAMILY what they go through. 65 war was a lesson for this nation and its politics